Assassination, Makers of History, Henry IV, John S.C.Abbott, Harper, New York, 1904, page 238.


  • One of longest serving monarchs (1216 – 1272).
  • King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of Aquitane.
  • Famous for Magna Carta, and the establishment of the first parliament.
  • Gave more power to the people, with less decisions taken on the whim of a monarch.
  • Improved the rights of women, empowered his own queen, Eleanor of Provence. Henry gave her monetary independence, and respected her opinion in governmental affairs.
  • Faithful to Eleanor(unusual for monarch).
  • Human – introduced pageantry – at his death he owed his wine merchant nearly £1m in today’s money.
  • Established stability, longevity and promoted peace (!).
  • Very charitable – fed hundreds of poor people on a daily basis.
  • Diarmuid Mac Gilla Mo-Cholmoc’s son John had to do his “Knight’s Service”in King Henry III’s army in 1227.

Smal, Chris (1993) Ancient Rathdown and St. Crispin’s Cell, A uniquely historic landscape, Friends of Historic Rathdown, Greystones.












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